Compare maslow alderfer herzberg theory

Related Differences. The theory is based on actual information collected by Herzberg after interviewing engineers and accountants.

difference between maslow and mcgregors theory

Hygiene factors are dissatisfiers while motivating factors motivate subordinate. It infers that higher level needs cannot evolve until the lower level needs are not satisfied.

Similarities between maslow and herzberg

From his research, he concluded that employees have two set of needs in the work place. Esteem needs: internal factors such as self-respect, autonomy, achievement and external factors such as status, recognition and attention. The theory is based on the premise that human needs are in proper sequence, wherein psychological need is at the bottom, and self-actualisation needs are at the top level. If you perform well, you will get reward. As the needs of human beings are unlimited, whenever one need is satisfied, another need take its place. Hygiene factors are dissatisfiers while motivating factors motivate subordinate. Positive reinforcement motivates to get the anticipated reinforcement of required behaviour. This point cannot be reached until all other needs have been met. Self-actualization: drive to become what one is capable of becoming. Lastly, the growth need is the desire to be creative, self-confident, and productive, and engaged to the full abilities and obtain enhanced capabilities or skills.

We can distinguish goals according to specificity, difficulty and acceptance. The reinforcement theory is included in many other motivation theories.

compare and contrast three motivational theories

The type of motivation that each individual is driven by is changed by life experiences and the opinion of their culture. Lastly, the growth need is the desire to be creative, self-confident, and productive, and engaged to the full abilities and obtain enhanced capabilities or skills.

Mcclelland went further to expand characteristics of those with need for power as; those with strong power needs most successful and those with lower power needs. Secondly, motivational factors are inherent to the job, and so the increase in these factors will lead to the rise in the satisfaction level, while the decrease does not cause dissatisfaction in employees.

Need for Achievement: the drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standards, to strive to succeed. Motivators: these are factors such as recognition, responsibility, achievement, and opportunity for progression.

Conclusion The two models developed by the two experts aims at simplifying the motivational process which proved that motivation is an important factor to improve the performance level of employees.

People with a high need for achievement will succeed best when given projects with attainable goals and although individuals with a need for achievement can make good managers, they are not suited to being in top management positions.

compare and contrast the hierarchy of human needs with the two-factor theory of motivation
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Comparing Maslow, Alderfer and Herzberg