Factors affecting marine graduates in their

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For example, they will research things like thermal vents and the ecology of life around them, or study the chemical effect that subaquatic earthquakes can have on an ocean's makeup and on the lifeforms that rely on it. They study it's acidity and try to understand how the biology and ecology of an ocean might be altered based on a changing chemical profile many plants and animals don't do well in certain acidities and cannot flourish when seawater is too acidic or not acidic enough. A common example is federal support for education, which, in times of budget cuts, generally translates to cuts at the state and local levels. Stress Fracture All participants were followed through BT for the occurrence of a stress fracture injury. While this research may still be in areas of fundamental science, the agency must be able to envision an eventual societal benefit and may sometimes require the individual to direct his or her inquiries in a certain field. They do so by developing a fishery management plan for each fishery they are managing. Marine fishery biologists focus on fish that live in the ocean while fishery limnologists work with freshwater fish. The situation is similar on every seaboard. Marine biologists have distinct personalities. Other characteristics of industry research careers are regular hours and the importance of teamwork. A stress fracture was defined as one or more partial or complete hairline fractures caused by repetitive loading on any lower extremity, nondiseased bone. Goals could be developed for the many pieces that comprise the coastal picture.

One consequence, among others, of this failure to ensure compliance is to make it less costly for a developer simply to go through the motions to construct something that looks right than to provide an ecologically viable product, albeit at a potentially higher cost.

Training is usually obtained at a technikon or via in-service training, although some university graduates also specialise as technicians.

This research can be used to create new products, improve existing products, or discontinue ineffective products. Attrition from BT is a vital concern for the U. With the current push to downsize the federal government, many believe opportunities at the city, local and state government levels will increase, while federal opportunities will decrease. Some ichthyologists work in museums and educate the public about fish species and conservation awareness. If you are researching the migration of whales or are doing deep sea research, then you can expect to be travelling and to be out at sea for extended periods of time. These disparities erode the credibility of marine restoration for developers and environmentalists alike. These participants were excluded, leaving a final analytic sample of 2, What is some good advice for marine biology students? When these areas are not incorporated in restoration, the site's ecological value is diminished. Another option is to designate marine habitat under federal jurisdiction for special protection, such as is done in NOAA's Marine Sanctuaries Program. Except for protection and despite the aforementioned legal authorities, no single federal agency has primary responsibility to protect, enhance, restore, or create marine habitat. Overall, Changes in the economy and politics can impact non-research marine careers in much the same way they impact the research community.

Petersburg, Florida. As a rule, industry tends to be dependent on external factors such as the economy and consumer-driven market demand.

Oceanographer Oceanography can be separated into four distinct areas - biological, physical, chemical, and geological. List of centres and institutes offering specialised training in the aquatic sciences. Conflicting Guidance Although coastal habitat restoration projects are more common in recent years under the impetus of Section and CZMA regulatory programs, state, federal, and regional agencies have not agreed on guidelines for addressing the basic issues involved in marine habitat restoration and other resource improvements. These jobs exist at the federal, state and local levels. The potential for opportunistic habitat creation as an alternative to current responsive mitigation techniques could then be realized. Where measurable project goals have not been established and in some cases where they have , the project site is compared with an adjacent control or natural area, particularly for determining faunal similarities such as fish populations Lewis, A consequence of this limited authority is the agencies' inability to insist on the full use of avoidance and restoration technology to maintain marine habitats. Talk to your professors, and get to know them. Competition for stewardship versus exploitation of resources can result NRC, a. Researchers are always looking for divers, and you'll probably get many offers to help out with various research projects. Although there has been considerable variability in the performance of the FMCs, the infrastructure is in place. Scientists trained in marine biology, microbiology , chemistry , genomics and bioinformatics are sought out to work for new pharmaceutical companies that concentrate on developing new drugs from marine resources. But restoration work may overlook fundamental ecosystem functions. They often have hands-on interactions with the fish and other underwater creatures in order to detect any indication of injury or illness being a certified diver is typically a prerequisite and they capture sick animals so they can be seen by a veterinarian. The field is highly competitive and, as such, often requires competent presentation skills.

California, 52 LW [Sup. A day for one marine biologist might involve scuba diving for mussels in the morning, bringing them back to the lab for observation in the afternoon, recording any relevant data, and doing some statistical analysis using a computer by comparing studies already done by other scientists.

Official Marine Corps personnel not associated with the study were not present during the administration of the questionnaire to ensure participant confidentiality. Other characteristics of industry research careers are regular hours and the importance of teamwork.

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Oceanography, or Marine Science, incorporates many different fields of study relating to the sea. NGO activities range from research, information distribution, training, local organization and community service to legal advocacy and lobbying for legislative change.

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It is thus becoming essential that prospective students in aquatic science be given suitable training so that they can take up the important challenge of research into, and monitoring and management of, our natural water resources. They would then report on their findings either to their employers or in the scientific literature. Chemical oceanographers look at the chemical composition of the ocean and its interaction with the environment. Rapid population growth and increasing industrialisation and urbanisation are placing increasing demands on our country's freshwater and marine resources. List of centres and institutes offering specialised training in the aquatic sciences. Such acquisitions would be visible and measurable signs of progress. These jobs exist at the federal, state and local levels. Aquaculturalists are involved in developing aquaculture farms or the running of established farms. Their advice is based on experience, so you may want to heed their advice as you make important educational and career decisions. A non-governmental organization NGO is generally defined as a nonprofit group or association organized outside of institutionalized political structures. Section regulates dredge and fill activities and wetlands including coastal waters and estuaries. In fact, many marine biologists are also teachers and professors during the winter months when less work is being done in the field. Drug companies conduct marine research as well, as marine life is often at the cutting edge of research. Researchers direct or conduct their own research programmes in order to enhance our knowledge of the functioning of freshwater and marine ecosystems, and the effects of pollution or other environmental changes. Marine Corps BT is an intensive and highly regimented week program of physical conditioning and military skills training.

Tidal creeks and channels associated with marshes, for example, offer a haven for juvenile fishes and exhibit high biological productivity. While not many posts are available at this level, they represent the most responsible and well paid careers available to aquatic scientists.

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Descriptive physical oceanography is research of the ocean through observations and complex numerical models which try to describe the fluid motions as precisely as possible. Throughout this website, a few key messages were repeated by several of the scientists profiled in their responses to the question about what advice they have to offer.

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Careers in aquatic science & technology